Partition of British India

Introduction by Dr Eleanor Newbigin

How we see and describe the events of August 1947 in British India has changed a lot over the 70 years since they took place. At the time, Indian and Pakistani leaders proclaimed the end of colonial enslavement and the birth of a free nation…. SEE MORE

Viceroy of India: Lord and Lady Mountbatten at their investiture ceremony in New Delhi © IWM (IND 5295)

Viceroy of India: Lord and Lady Mountbatten at their investiture ceremony in New Delhi © IWM (IND 5295)


Introduction and Timeline of Events

India and Pakistan won independence from British Colonial rule in August 1947. The division of British India along religious lines into Hindu-majority India and Muslim-majority Pakistan led to one of the largest mass migrations in history… more.

BRITISH CABINET MISSION TO INDIA, 1946 © IWM (IND 5092)

BRITISH CABINET MISSION TO INDIA, 1946 © IWM (IND 5092)

Living Through Conflict

The government had not anticipated the scale of the violence that erupted at the time of Partition and were not well prepared to control it. Community riots, religiously-targeted violence and violence against women were widespread and an estimated 12-15 million people became refugees… more.

Map "Prevailing Religions of the British Indian Empire, 1909

Map "Prevailing Religions of the British Indian Empire, 1909


People Profiles

Learn more about the prominent figures who shaped the independence and partition of British India… more.

Viceroy of India: Lord and Lady Mountbatten meet Mr Mohammed Ali Jinnah, the future leader of Pakistan © IWM (IND 5302)

Viceroy of India: Lord and Lady Mountbatten meet Mr Mohammed Ali Jinnah, the future leader of Pakistan © IWM (IND 5302)

Artistic and Literary Responses

One of the ways that humans process trauma and manage their emotions is through art. There were many different types and styles of art responding to the Partition of India, find out more

Margaret Bourke-White, war correspondent working

Margaret Bourke-White, war correspondent working


Commemoration and Legacy

The partition of British India had far reaching consequences that can still be felt across the world today. Find out more

As we embark on putting our new Educational Resources online, we are in a learning process and we kindly ask that if you notice any broken links or aspects of the website that do not properly work, please email us on enquiries@neversuchinnocence.com

The user experience is of the utmost importance to us, so we would appreciate any feedback you could provide to make the website more user friendly.  Thank you for your patience and understanding as we develop the site to be an accessible tool for children and young people to learn about conflict through the ages.