Punic Wars – Bibliography
Below are websites and publications used to research and collate information for the Never Such Innocence resource:
Ancient History Encyclopedia, Syracuse
Ancient History Encyclopedia, Carthage
Ancient History Encyclopedia, Roman Republic
BBC Bitesize, The Roman Empire
Biggs, T. (2017) "Primus Romanorum: Origin Stories, Fictions of Primacy, and the First Punic War," Classical Philology 112, no. 3, pp. 350-367.
Bragg, M. (2012) Hannibal: In Our Time [Podcast] Available at: https://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/topics/Carthaginian_commanders_of_the_Second_Punic_War
Britannica, Carthage, available at:
Britannica, Hannibal: campaign against Rome, available at:
Britannica, Punic Wars
Charles, M and Rhodan, P. (2007) ‘Magister Elephantorvm": A Reappraisal of Hannibal's Use of Elephants’, The Classical Word, vol. 100, no. 4, pp. 363 - 389
Edwards, J. (2001) ‘The Irony of Hannibal’s Elephants’, Latomus, vol. 60, no. 4, pp. 900-905
Erickson, G., Walbank, F., Astin, A., Frederiksen, M. and Ogilvie, R. (ed.) (1991). The Cambridge Ancient History: VII Part Two The Rise of Rome to 220 BC, Cambridge University Press.
Hoyos, D. (2015) ‘Mastering the West: Rome and Carthage at War (Ancient Warfare and civilization), New York: Oxford University Press.
Hoyos, D. (ed) ‘A Companion to the Punic Wars’, Wiley Blackwell.
Kiernan B. (2004) The First Genocide: Carthage, 146 BC, Diogenes, vol. 51, no. 3, pp. 27–39.
Lazenby, J. F. (2016) ‘The First Punic War’, London: Routledge
National Geographic, Carthage
National Geographic, Roman Republic
Nossov, K. (2008) ‘War Elephants’, Oxford: Osprey Publishing
Oxford Reference, Timeline: Punic Wars
Quinn, J. (2017) ‘Translating Empire From Carthage to Rome’ , Classical Philology, vol. 112, no. 3, pp. 312 - 331.
Swanson, T. (1981) The International Journal of African Historical Studies vol. 14, no. 1, Review of: Hannibal's War, a Military History of the Second Punic War by J. F. Lazenby, University of Oklahoma Press.
Skullard, H (1953) ‘Ennius, Cato and Surus’ The Classical Review, vol. 3, no. 3-4, pp. 140 - 142.
Wise, T. (1982) Armies of the Carthaginian Wars 265-146 BC (Men-at-Arms), Oxford: Osprey Publishing.
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